A GUIDE TO REFRIGERANTS
Refrigerant Type Application/s Preferred Oil Suitability Status
R123 HCFC Centrifugal Chillers Mineral, Alkyl Benzene Being phased out
R134A HFC Med Temp Refrig, Air Conditioning &
Auto Air Conditioning
Polyol Ester (POE),
Polyalkylene-Glycol (PAG)
Replacement for R12
UV134A
(R134a + UV dye)
HFC Same as R134a, but predominantly
Auto Air Conditioning
As above As above
R22 HCFC Low & Med Temp Refrig, A/C Mineral, Alkyl Benzene Being phased out
R32 HFC Airconditioning systems
(specifically designed for R32)
Polyol Ester (POE) Alternative to R22
and R410A
R404A HFC Low and Medium Temperature Refrigeration Polyol Ester (POE) Replacement for
R502 & R408A
R407C HFC Mainly new Large to Medium
Airconditioning systems
Polyol Ester (POE) Alternative to R22
(A/C)
R407F HFC Low and Medium Temperature Refrigeration Polyol Ester (POE) Alternative to R22
(low/med temp refrigeration)
& R404A (new supermarket installs)
R409A HCFC Commercial and Domestic
Airconditioning/Refrigeration
Mineral Drop in replacement for R12 & R500
Being phased out
R410A HFC Airconditioning Polyol Ester (POE) Replacement for R22 (not for retrofit)
R438A HFC DX water chillers, and most R22 DX low
and medium refrigeration, and airconditioning systems
Mineral, Alkyl Benzene
or Polyol Ester
Retrofit for R22
R507 HFC Low and Medium Temperature Refrigeration Polyol Ester (POE) Replacement for R502 and R408A

Please note: As the heading states, this is to be used as a guide only. Always check manufacturers recommendations prior to use.

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